A Revision of Gestalt Therapy
The therapeutic concepts I present here are not new; are a picture of Dr. Gestalt therapy. Frederick Perl. However, the changes I propose here are original because I have applied Perl's Gestalt theories to modern psychotherapeutic practice. Gestalt therapy from Dr. Frederick S. Perl on Expression Therapy to Treat Mental Illness, unlike the popular cognitive-behavioral therapy taught in universities today. Although Gestalt loses favor with counseling training, I find it very deserving, because it can be adapted to the individual behavior of the client and also the behavior of the therapist who presents them. This is my test of the change process. Work with resistance Perls advises whether the patient has resistance (denial, avoidance or phobia) to develop further; by dramatizing them, we give a voice to "secret desires" and abandon their expression. The expression is just hungry to hear and we each hunger in different ways. If the client suffers from anger, increase the expression of anger in a safe treatment environment. This can Health Coaching be achieved through the Perl's Empty Chair Exercise or through a psychodrama in which the frightened object is given permission to "say" such as "play with anger" or "play obsessively" (smoke, eat, use drugs, etc.). .). Perls recognizes that rejecting such strong emotions and coercion does not stop them, but rather increases them; what we defend, continues (Jung). For example, during a psychodrama, an urge may be motivated to complete the sentence, "I ate because ..." until he has exhausted his verbal arsenal. It is used to pressure the audience. Answering questions "by nature" and automatically, without censorship, means stopping oppression and stimulating expression. Art is an expression and Gestalt was originally a European artistic activity, which later became a psychotherapeutic activity from Perls. I believe that what Gestalt does well is art. Now, however, gestalt therapy has been reduced to techniques, therapy that has been reduced, reduced to its simplest form, a progress that Perls probably considers unsatisfactory. Broken pieces of their original holistic theory remain from gestalt therapy. Today, Gestalt therapy is an incomplete Gestalt, ie oxymoron. Perls invented the world of systems because she was first trained as a physician. His methodology is to work to restore the balance of the organism, not in part, but as a whole. He does not recommend "selling" or "selling" in his theory. I think Perls will be disappointed, but no wonder his psychological contributions are limited to what can be described as an "dog and pony show." Express therapy Pearl's vision is that expressive therapy, an interactive process that is an exchange between the clinician and the client, can sometimes cause emotional restlessness in the patient. Their methods are not a cup of tea or a walk in the park with a therapist; instead, his methods are like a whiskey shot and confrontation with suppressed inner pain. For others, the expression of the forbidden self, the submissive, the conscientious, preferably not the hidden self, is confusing, disgusting, or shameful. The shame is filled, the pain is exhausted and old beliefs that are bad, negative and shocking for the client come to the surface. However, after exploring and catharsis with repressed emotions and repressed memories, Perl's patients regained true, uncontrolled self-control. The truth is looking for his patients, proof that his techniques work. Gestalt at its best is digging the soul; digs up emotions and memories buried in the forgotten realm of the unconscious; perhaps it represents Jung's collective ignorance. It's a way to get in touch with something deeply buried, see it again (what it really is) and then recover a broken bone. It is a reflexive, benevolent act in the hope that suppressed trauma can be used to heal. This is a gestalt therapy that Perls provides and applies; a combination of rejected personality traits, so that the neurotic frees himself from his strange, relentless urge and fear of excessive love. Nonverbal Communication Here I offer a simple revision of some of the basic techniques of Gestalt, a treatment method that I prefer to call expressive therapy, because Gestalt leaves a bitter taste in the mouth of a psychological historian. The first revision I would suggest is Perl's emphasis on the physiological resistances exposed during therapy. The interpretation and analysis of nonverbal communication has some merit in that the patient shakes or smiles to cover himself or feels nervous because it provides the therapist with nonverbal stimuli to capture unspoken feelings. The client physiologically compensates for the mental discomfort he naturally experiences in the "hot chair" of the therapist's chair. Stimulating the natural release of latent physical anxiety is beneficial for the client. Interpreting body movement as therapeutically important is important additional information for the therapist, but I believe it is not important. Making it a center and drawing attention to the client's body language is not of great value for treatment, but thinking about it means making the patient examined and confident, more defensive than ever. I believe that nonverbal communication is a secret language that a therapist reads as an indicator of a patient's level of comfort or discomfort. Asking one part of the body (such as the hand) to "talk" to another part of the body (the other hand) about their nerve movements may be of interest to the therapist, but there is a risk that the patient will impress him. or check. I believe that nonverbal communication should not be the center of therapy. Instead, it should be used as an adjunct to therapeutic interpretation. Traps for bears Perls replied how difficult therapy clients are coping; she called him "Bear Lovers." He refuses to work with these patients if he does not follow the instructions quickly through cooperation. As Perls describes, they "play" together until you reach a point of resistance where they can be attracted, and then "lower the tree." Or they try to catch you, blame the therapist and make fun of you. All they can do is argue, blame, prove again that they are right. Perls describes these clients as "earless" because they are not open to hearing the truth. I have found that these quarrelsome personalities are paranoid characters, even some with paranoid personality disorder. They seem attractive at first, but will soon return to "Dr. Jekyll-Mr. Hyde" when they really are when they don't want to cooperate. A paranoid personality as well, as Freud said of the narcissus, "His Majesty the Child." Like the narcissist, the paranoid refuses to grow up. He throws off attacks, demands that it be his, or returns to maneuvers and "smashes" the therapist with an ego to prove his superiority. A well-minded therapist is then caught in a frustrating game of cat and mouse, and the therapist begins to feel "caught". This game shifts the focus of paranoid problems to the therapist's perceived "incompetence" or "incorrect conclusions," which is a divergent tactic on the part of the paranoid client. These cat and mouse games bring great frustration to the client and the client. That's why Perls refuses to participate in unshakable defense and "throws" them into a "hot seat" during group workshops. Although I sympathize with Perl's frustration with treating clients with personality disorder with tireless resistance or argument, refusing to accept them offers such little hope of recovery. I agree that there are clients who present counseling with the intention of proving to the therapist that they are wrong or wrong so that they can prove their own thoughts that there was nothing wrong with them in the first place (like her in the first place). . These difficult cases require strong but subtle techniques that provide immediate feedback from the therapist. "Hit her ego" is her selfishness, but it won't help her. There must be a balance between removing them from practice and being a "whip" for them. A person with a personality problem does not have eyes. They have dysmorphia; distorted self-image or cattle; a blind place where they cannot see themselves as others see. However, their own image was distorted. They cannot see themselves as they are, nor do they see their surroundings as they are. Her sense of reality is at stake. Instead of "proving" the paranoids again that they are in fact an "outsider", eliminating them from practice and confirming their projections, our mission is to help them develop a vision. Whatever I see in front of me; it's about what he sees in himself. Personality problems are problems with self-esteem. This difficult process of revealing the truth to the patient requires great patience. As a blind man, you ask them to see what the eyes have not yet developed to see. At first, they "taste STT in the dark", which causes their Máy tán bố thắng frustration, which results in anger, is transferred to the world and goes to the therapist. Working with patients with severe personality disorder is an act of love. If you can't feel empathy for losing it, its feelings of betrayal, or the purpose of the persecution (persecution all the time), it's better not to work with it because it requires empathy, solid boundaries,

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